Kompetisie Temas 2018

Tafelberg Fotografieklub




Architectural photography is the photographing of buildings and similar structures that are both aesthetically pleasing and accurate representations of their subjects. Architectural photographers are usually skilled in the use of specialized techniques and equipment. As a building cannot convey emotions like a human subject, architectural photographers need to set a mood using ambient light. The photographer can also tell a story and make a photo more dynamic by displaying some of the building’s environment or by choosing interesting angles that show off pattern, contrast or repetition.


Any images depicting water in any format is allowed, providing that the water is obviously the subject in the image. Water comes in different forms i.e. liquid, solid (ice) and gas (steam) and all are acceptable for this set subject.

From the crashing of turbulent waves against the rocks on a stormy afternoon to the calm crystal-clear reflections in a country dam, there are many ways to photograph water. The blurred milky effect achieved by slowing down the shutter speed or “freezing” the shot using fast shutter speeds to capture the detail in the water. Water can be found all around us, in streams & rivers, waterfalls, the ocean, rain drops, icicles, glaciers, puddles, ice blocks, lakes, dripping taps, morning dew on leaves. The images for this assignment can also be achieved indoors by photographing a reflection through a water droplet (refraction) or a droplet dripping into a glass of water, or the splash of fruit as it is dropped in a jar of water.


Street photography records un-posed scenes in public places. The primary subject is people and/or symbols of people, at rest or in motion, alone or with others, going about their everyday activities. Manipulation should be confined to colour correction and judicial cropping. (PSSA Definition)

MAY: SCAPES (Urban and/or Rural)

Scapes is a term that covers the depiction of scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, forests, sea, cities etc. where the main subject is a wide view with its elements arranged into a coherent composition. A horizon often (but not necessarily) forms part of a “scape”. Scapes may be natural or man-made.

Derived terms include: • Cityscape • Seascape • Nightscape • Snowscape • Streetscape • Urban scape • Sandscape


Panning is defined as taking a photograph or series of photographs while rotating a camera horizontally or vertically while keeping a moving subject in view. In still photography the use of the term usually refers to the act of panning. The pan aims to capture a moving object in sharp definition while the background is blurred thus imitating what the eye would see if following a moving object. Panning requires a specific technique of rotating the camera to follow the moving object. In a properly panned shot the photographic subject(s) that is being tracked is normally sharp while the rest of the picture is blurred by the movement.


Wildlife, birds and garden birds may include images of undomesticated animal species in their natural habitat.


Wild Animals in their natural habitat

Endemic garden birds

Wild birds in their natural habitat

Not allowed:

Domesticated animals and birds – pets

Aquarium fish


Animals in captivity

Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible. Photographs of artificially created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, obviously set arrangements, mounted specimens including insects or animals doped or killed for macro (or any other type of photography), are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.

Any action which causes harm, no matter how unintentional it may be, is not acceptable. The use of live bait and actions such as chilling, freezing, spinning or light anaesthesia of any creature is unethical and therefore not acceptable. No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Colour images can be converted to greyscale/monochrome. Stitched images are not permitted. Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.

Please note that this month’s set subject is defined as WILDLIFE—NOT nature, and that the appropriate rules are applied.


Low light photography is not necessarily just night photography, as many people assume. There could be different amounts of light coming from various sources and whatever is less than daytime light outside, is considered low-light.


MACRO – manipulation is allowed* Macro photography is extreme close-up photography, where you get close to a small subject by physical or optical means. Starting at approximately 1/4 life size i.e. when the subject being photographed is four (4) times the size of the film frame or digital sensor. There is no limit on the upper end. The size of the subject in the finished photograph is greater than life size. *Macro fits as a subsection of Open as well as Nature; when entered in a Nature section, manipulation is NOT allowed.


Sports Photography covers any aspect of a sporting event. Images must depict an active pastime or recreation involving physical exertion and/or skill that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often of a competitive nature. Images in this section could include the spectators or judge or umpire in a sporting event.

Sports Action Photography is similar to Sports Photography, but should show sports people in action. Images must depict an active pastime or recreation involving physical exertion and/or skill that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often of a competitive nature. The level of sport can range from children playing a sport to the Olympic Games.

Submission in either category definition is acceptable.


Monochrome is a black and white image. A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.

A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category. On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category.

In this category the subject matter is totally open

Manipulation is allowed. Monochrome images only.


  1. A member of the Photographic Society of South Africa shall act in accordance with all PSSA policies.
  2. A member shall be honest in performing and reporting services to the Society.
  3. A member shall be ethical in making and presenting photographic images.
  4. All members shall practice the Society’s Code of Ethics for Nature Photography and apply the same principles to all genres of photography.
  5. Images submitted for competitions shall originate as photographs by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally.
  6. The original image and all elements therein must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used. All actions in reaching the final presentation must be made by the photographer with the exclusion of film processing, un-manipulated commercial scanning and printing.
  7. No images or parts of images downloaded from the internet or copied from any source whatsoever, may be used in work entered in any PSSA event, including any salon or honours application.
  8. Each Image must have a unique title and this title may not be subsequently changed. Once an image has been accepted in a PSSA event, that same image or a like “in camera”, or a “reproduction” duplicate of that image, may not be retitled for entry in any other PSSA event.
  9. An image may only be used once in a particular salon, panel or competition, irrespective of the category, or of the image being in colour or monochrome. No similar images may be used. The same image may be entered in other salons and on any salon where it was not previously accepted.
  10. PSSA will apply a limit on total acceptances per image as defined in the respective Impala and Diamond Rating rules.
  11. Images submitted in Club competitions, workshops and the like shall follow these standards.
  12. Information included in honours and awards applications shall be exact and true.
  13. By virtue of submitting an entry, the photographer certifies the work as his/her own.
  14. Material submitted for possible publication in PSSA publications and/or the PSSA website shall be solely the work of the author(s) and any quotations or input from other material or collaborator(s) shall be carefully cited and appropriate credit given for all contributions used. The author is responsible to obtain permission to use copyrighted material.
  15. Members not in compliance with this ethics statement will be subject to appropriate sanction by the Board which could include loss of membership and/or awards and honours.